Navigating the complex and emotionally charged process of determining child custody and support can be challenging for families. Understanding the factors that courts consider in these decisions can help parents better prepare and advocate for their children’s best interests. At Weber, Carrier, Boiczyk, and Chase LLC, our experienced family lawyers in New Britain, CT, are dedicated to providing guidance and support throughout this process.

Understanding Child Custody

Child custody is divided into two main types: legal custody and physical custody. Legal custody involves the right to make important decisions about the child’s upbringing, including education, healthcare, and religious instruction. Physical custody refers to where the child will live and who will be responsible for their daily care.

Types of Custody Arrangements

  • Joint Legal Custody: Both parents share the responsibility of making major decisions about the child’s life.
  • Sole Legal Custody: Only one parent has the authority to make significant decisions for the child.
  • Joint Physical Custody: The child spends significant time living with both parents.
  • Sole Physical Custody: The child lives primarily with one parent, while the other may have visitation rights.

Factors Influencing Child Custody Decisions

1. Best Interests of the Child

The paramount consideration in any custody decision is the best interests of the child. Courts evaluate various factors to determine what arrangement will best support the child’s physical, emotional, and psychological well-being.

2. Parental Fitness

Courts assess each parent’s ability to provide a safe, stable, and nurturing environment. This includes evaluating their mental and physical health, lifestyle, and ability to meet the child’s needs.

3. Child’s Preferences

Depending on the child’s age and maturity, their preferences may be considered. Courts often give more weight to the preferences of older children who can express their wishes clearly.

4. Parent-Child Relationship

The quality of the relationship between the child and each parent is a critical factor. Courts consider which parent has been the primary caregiver and the strength of the bond between the child and each parent.

5. Stability and Continuity

Courts prefer to maintain stability in the child’s life. This includes considering the child’s current living situation, school, community ties, and routine.

6. Co-Parenting Ability

The ability of each parent to cooperate and communicate effectively for the child’s benefit is crucial. Courts favor arrangements where parents can work together amicably.

7. History of Domestic Violence or Abuse

Any history of domestic violence, abuse, or neglect is a significant factor. Courts prioritize protecting the child from any potential harm.

8. Sibling Relationships

Maintaining sibling relationships is important for the child’s emotional support and stability. Courts consider arrangements that allow siblings to stay together.

Determining Child Support

Child support is designed to ensure that the child’s financial needs are met and that they receive the same standard of living they would have if their parents were together.

Factors Influencing Child Support Decisions

1. Parental Income

Both parents’ incomes are considered to determine the appropriate amount of child support. This includes wages, bonuses, investments, and other sources of income.

2. Child’s Needs

The child’s needs, including education, healthcare, childcare, and extracurricular activities, are considered. Courts aim to provide for the child’s reasonable and necessary expenses.

3. Parenting Time

The amount of time each parent spends with the child can impact child support calculations. Generally, the non-custodial parent supports the custodial parent to help cover the child’s expenses.

4. Standard of Living

Courts consider the standard of living the child would have enjoyed if the parents were still together. The goal is to minimize the financial impact of the parent’s separation on the child.

5. Special Needs

If the child has special needs or extraordinary expenses, such as medical care or therapy, these factors are considered in determining the appropriate amount of child support.

Role of Family Lawyers

Navigating child custody and support issues requires legal expertise and an understanding of the specific circumstances of each case. Experienced family lawyers in New Britain, CT, like those at Weber, Carrier, Boiczyk, and Chase LLC, provide invaluable assistance in several ways:

Legal Advice and Representation

Family lawyers offer expert legal advice, helping parents understand their rights and responsibilities. They represent clients in court, ensuring their interests are effectively advocated.

Negotiation and Mediation

Lawyers assist in negotiating custody and support agreements, striving to reach amicable solutions that prioritize the child’s best interests. Mediation can often result in less adversarial outcomes.

Documentation and Filing

Family lawyers handle the necessary documentation and court filings, ensuring that all legal requirements are met and the process proceeds smoothly.

Enforcement and Modification

If circumstances change, family lawyers can help modify existing custody and support arrangements. They also assist in enforcing court orders if one parent fails to comply.


Determining child custody and support is a complex process influenced by various factors. Understanding these factors and working with experienced family lawyers can help ensure that the best interests of the child are prioritized. At Weber, Carrier, Boiczyk, and Chase LLC, our dedicated family lawyers in New Britain, CT, are here to guide you through every step of this challenging process. Contact us today for expert assistance in resolving your child custody and support matters.

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